How Did We Get the Old Testament?





HOW DID WE GET THE OLD TESTAMENT? 

A Study Guide

“The Old Testament is the most widely read book in the history of the world, it has been translated in parts or in its entirety in over two thousand languages. Throughout history people have been willing to suffer and even die for the contents.”

Joshua Whitaker, Truelife host


I. WHAT DOES THE OLD TESTAMENT CLAIM ABOUT ITSELF?

Exodus 31:18, Exodus 24:4

“Thus saith the Lord” – Written or Oral Accounts


a. Pentateuch: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy

b. Historical: 1st & 2nd Kings, 1st & 2nd Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Ester

c. Poetical: Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon

d. Minor Prophets: Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah

e. The writings of Moses: Torah (Law)

 


II. IS THERE ANY OUTSIDE EVIDENCE?

a. Josephus:


i. 1st Century Jewish Historian

ii. General for Jewish forces

iii. In the Galilee region

iv. Captured

v. Wrote about the Jewish people


How Josephus classified the Old Testament: Books of Moses, Prophet, The Writings (Psalms)

How Jesus classified the Old Testament (Luke 24:44): The Law of Moses, The Prophets, The Psalms



III. MANUSCRIPTS

a. The Maserite scribes counted: Letters, Words, and Lines

b. Older copies were respectfully disposed

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